Six Important Parts of a Research Article



Materials and Methods 

Results and Discussion 



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Guidelines for Authors

    The article should be addressed to "The Editor". 

    Submission of an article implies that it has never been published in any other journals and if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere.

    All papers are first reviewed by the editor. Papers found lacking will not be considered. Others will be sent for a detailed peer-review process.

 Journal Manuscript Format

    The manuscript should be typed in “Times new Roman” font with font size 11 and 1.5 line spacing. The page size should be strictly A4. All images should be in JPEG format. The article is to be submitted should accompany a covering letter with name and complete address (including Telephone Number and e-mail ID) of the author/s. The completed article should be sent to; Kindly specify the journal name on sending your manuscript through email.

    The title should briefly identify the subject and indicate the purpose of the document. The title should supply enough information for the reader to make a reliable decision on probable interest. Do not use all caps; instead use caps only at the first word of the title and/or at scientific names, abbreviations etc.,Center the authors' initials and last names directly below the title.

    The abstract should include a hypothesis or rationale for the work, a brief description of the methods, a summary of the results, and a conclusion. The abstract should be less than 250 words. Do not include literature citations or references to tables, figures or equations.

    A short list of keywords or phrases should be included immediately after the abstract as index words. Choose keywords that reflect the content of your article. Note that words in the title are not searchable as keywords unless they are also included in the keyword list.

Body of the Article
    The introductory section of the text should include a brief statement of why the research was conducted. It should also define the problem and present objectives along with a plan of development of the subject matter. The introductory section also usually includes a brief survey of the relevant literature on the topic.

Materials and Methods
    Provide sufficient detail so that the work may be repeated. Do not give details of methods described in readily available sources. Instead, refer to the source and describe any modification. Figures that illustrate test apparatus and tables of treatment parameters or equipment specifications are appropriate here.

Results and Discussion
    This section describes the solution to the problem stated in the introductory section. Use figures and tables to visually supplement the presentation of your results. The text must refer explicitly to all visuals, and you must interpret the visual elements to emphasize the evidence on which your conclusions are based. Do not omit important negative results.

    In addition, relate your findings to previous findings by identifying how and why there are differences and where there is agreement. Speculation is encouraged, but it must be identified.

    This is a summary of your results. In this section, state any conclusions that can be drawn from your data. You may also include suggestions for future research. The conclusion may be a subsection of the Results and Discussion section, or it may be a separate section. Data or statements cited in your conclusion must have been stated previously in the article. Do not introduce new information in the conclusion.

    Acknowledgements are optional. Use them to thank individuals or organizations that provided assistance in materials, expertise, or financing. The acknowledgements will appear at the end of the text and should be limited to one or two sentences.

    All sources cited in the text must be listed in the References, and all documents listed in the References must be cited in the text. Accuracy of citation is the author's responsibility.

Reference Style
    References should be cited in the text in the form (Author et al., 1987) and listed in alphabetical order at the end of the article as follows:

* For Book Single author (Schlesinger WH. 1997. Biogeochemistry: an Analysis of global change. 2nd ed. San Diego (CA): Academic Press. 588 p).

-Citation in the Text: (Schlesinger, 1997)

*For Book Volume with Separate Title (Ridgway SH and Harrison R. 1999. Handbook of marine mammals. Vol 6, The second book of dolphins and the porpoises. San Diego (CA): Academic Press. 500 p).

-Citation in the Text: (Ridgway and Harrison, 1999)

*For Book Organization as Author ([NRC] National Research Council. 1996. Committee on Protection and Management of Pacific Northwest Anadromous Salmonids, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Commission on Life Sciences. Upstream: salmon and society in the Pacific Northwest. Washington: National Academy Press. 452 p).

-Citation in the Text: (NRC, 1996)

*For Proceedings Title different from conference name (Bartlett D and Smith J. 2005. GIS for coastal zone management. Coast GIS’01 Conference; 2001 June 18-20; Halifax, Canada. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. 310 p).

-Citation in the Text: (Bartlett and Smith, 2005)

*For Journal Article continuous pagination (Edmilton Pereira de Almeida, Marta Cristina Duarte, Jorge Montessi, Anelise Almeida Cocate, Felipe Freesz Almeida, Carlos Augusto Gomes and Lincoln Eduardo VV de Castro Ferreira. 2016. Activity of alpha amylase in the tracheobronchial secretions of patients without morbid salivary aspiration. Journal of Research in Public Health, 6(2): 1959-1966).

-Citation in the Text: (Almeida et al., 2016)

*For Journal Article paginated by issue (Ahmadreza Yavari, Esmael Salehi, Hamidreza Jafari and Yousef Rafii. 2016. Clinical pathology of landscape through the evaluation of land cover changes using remote sensing and landscape metrics (Case Study: Zayanderoud Watershed, Iran). Journal of Research in Public Health, 4(1):044-055).

-Citation in the Text: (Yavari et al., 2016)

*For U.S. Government Report (Schick RS, Edsall AL and Lindley ST. 2005. Historical and current distribution of Pacific salmonids in the Central Valley, CA. Santa Cruz (CA): US Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Service, Santa Cruz Laboratory. Report nr NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SWFSC-369).

-Citation in the Text: (Schick et al., 2005)

*For Electronic Journal Article (Moragues E and Traveset A. 2005. Effect of Carpobrotus spp. on the pollination success of native plant species of the Balearic Islands. Biological Conservation, 122:611-619.doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2004.09.015).

-Citation in the Text: (Moragues and Traveset, 2005)

*For Electronic Book ([NRC] National Research Council. 2003. Committee on Undergraduate Biology Education to Prepare Research Scientists for the 21st Century. 2003. Bio2010: transforming undergraduate education for future research biologists [Internet]. Washington: National Academies Press; [cited 2005 May 31]. Available from:

-Citation in the Text: (NRC, 2003)

*For Website (Action Bioscience [Internet]. [AIBS] American Institute of Biological Sciences; C 2000-2005 [cited 2005 May 31]. Available from:

-Citation in the Text: (AIBS, 2005)
    Use an appendix for material that is too long to include in the text of the article. 

Manuscript Charges
    Journal of Research in Ecology is an International Research Journal. This Journal provides immediate access to all published full-text articles to interested readers from all around the world. The availability of the author’s paper makes the scientific community to understand and develop an impact in the concerned research field. It also increases the chance of more citations of the published work, which in turn can be translated into more recognition of research. This journal also accelerates research and knowledge building worldwide.

    Publishing an article in Journal of Research in Ecology requires payment of the manuscript processing charges, once the manuscript is accepted for publication. The payment is to be made by one of the authors, their university/organization, or funding entity. The manuscript processing charges are fixed so as to allow publishers to recover manuscript processing expenses and the cost of making the full-text available on the Internet to all interested researchers.  


    Authors who publish in Journal of research in Ecology retain the copyright of their work which allows the unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of an article in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.

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